Home Page Second Wisconsin
REGIMENTAL HISTORY -
REGIMENTAL ROSTER - MOVE TO ST. LOUIS - TO LEAVENWORTH CITY - ON DUTY IN
KANSAS - MAJOR HENNING AT FORT SCOTT - REGIMENT JOINS SALOMON'S BRIGADE
BATTLE OF CANE HILL, PRAIRIE GROVE - FIGHT AT FORT GIBSON - HONEY SPRINGS
- CABIN CREEK - MASSACRE AT BAXTER SPRINGS - ON VETERAN FURLOUGH RETURN
LITTLE ROCK - REGIMENT REORGANIZED DUTY IN ARKANSAS - MISSOURI AND
KANSAS - ORDERED TO LEAVENWORTH CITY - MUSTER OUT - RETURN HOME STATISTICS.
The Third Cavalry was recruited and organized by Colonel William A.
Barstow, by authority of the War Department, and was mustered into the
United States service at Camp Barstow, Janesville, the muster of the
last company being completed on the 31st of January, 1862, the regiment
left the State on the 26th of March, to report at St. Louis.
following was the roster of the regiment:
COLONEL - WILLIAM A. BARSTOW.
Lieutenant Colonel-RICHARD H WHITE; Majors - First Battalion, ELIAS A.
CALKINS; Second Battalion, BENJAMIN S. HENNING; Third
Battalion, JOHN C. SCHROELING; Adjutant, HENRY SANDERS - Quartermaster,
ASA W. FARR; Commissary -FRANCIS QUARLES - Battalion
Adjutants - First Battalion, JOHN D. WELCH; Second
Battalion, WILLIAM H. THOMAS; Third Battalion, CHARLES L. NOGGLE;
Battalion Quartermaster - First Battalion, ISAAC WOODLE; Second Battalion,
FRANCIS QUARLES; Third Battalion, AUGUSTUS 0. HALL Surgeon-BENONI 0.
REYNOLDS; First Assistant Surgeon - WILLIAM H. WARNER; Second
Assistant Surgeon-JOSFPH S. LANE; Chaplain - Rev. HIRAM W. BEERS.
|| First Lieutenant
|| Second Lieutenants.
||Jeremiah D. Damon
|| Robert Carpenter
|| Leonard Moreley
|| Alexander F. David
|| William Wagner
|| Lorenzo. B. Reed
||Edward R. Stevens
|| Jason Daniels
|| James B. Pond
||Leander T. Shaw
|| Fernando C. Kiser
|| Byron H. Kilbourn
Ira Justin, Jr.
||Alexander M. Pratt
|| Leonard House
|| Asa Wood
|| C. 0. Farris
||John P. Moore
|| Henry Goodsell,
||Nathan L. Stout,
|| DeWitt C. Brown,
|| Hudson Bacon
|| Marshall M. Ehle
|| John P. McDonald
|| Charles T. Clothier
|| Charles A. Parry
|| James Campbell
||Henry F. Rouse
|| William Schmidt
|| Olaf Muser
The regiment took cars at Madison. -Then within three miles of
Chicago, four cars were thrown from the track by the breaking of an axle, by
which twelve were killed or drowned, and twenty wounded. The second car
was thrown into a ditch filled with water, by which seven in the car
were drowned. The following is a list of those who were killed or
Non-Commissioned Staff - Hospital Steward Elisha Sharp. Company A -
Privates Wm. Davis, Lucian M. Ranger, J.F.
Palmer, Caspar Stone, Charles Briggs and Charles D. Hatch. Company G
- Quartermaster Sergeant L. J. Edwards, Privates Waller Snell, Wm. Case
and E..M. Bemis. Company L- Private Byron Wilcox, died of
injuries - 12
Five or six of those wounded were injured seriously, and were sent to
Camp Douglas Hospital. The remainder were able to go forward with the
Regiment proceeded to St. Louis, and was quartered at Benton Barracks
where they remained until the 3d of May, when they embarked for Fort
Leavenworth, where they were assembled on the 11th of May. Here they
were furnished with horses. Soon after their arrival, Colonel Barstow
was appointed Provost Marshal General of Kansas, and the regiment was
distributed throughout the state, engaged in provost duty, as follows:
First Battalion, Major E. A. Calkins, Company A, Captain I Dammon, at
Elwood, Donaphan County, Captain Dammon acting as Deputy Provost
Marshal; Company G, Captain Moore, at Shawneetown, Johnson County;
Company E, Captain Justin, at the city of Leavenworth; Company L, Captain Derry, near Aubrey
Water Grove, Johnson County, Captain Derry acting as Deputy Provost
Marshal. The Second Battalion, Major B. S. Henning consisting of Company
C, Captain Stevens, Company I, Captain Conkey, Company F, Captain Vittum,
and Company M, Captain Rouse, were sent to Fort Scott, where Major
Henning was appointed Deputy Provost Marshal of the district. The Third
Battalion, Major Schroeling, Company D, Captain Shaw, at Atchison,
Atchison County, Captain Shaw acting as Deputy Provost Marshal Company
K, Captain Off, city of Leavenworth, Company B, Captain David, and
Company H, Captain Stout, at Fort Leavenworth. Major Calkins, of the
First Battalion, was appointed Provost Marshal of Leavenworth city.
The Second Battalion arrived at Fort Scott on the 17th of June and Major Henning took command of the post, which was then
the extreme outpost of the Union forces. Company I, Captain Conkey, occupied
Carthage, Mo., sixty-five in miles from Fort Scott, to protect the Union
people and disperse guerilla bands, and watch the motions of the enemy
in Arkansas. The other companies were engaged in scouting around Fort
Scott. Near the last of July, Colonel Barstow arrived at Fort Scott,
with an escort of thirty men on a tour of inspection. Moving towards
Humboldt, it was ascertained that the rebels were concentrating a large
force near Montevallo, Mo., which obliged Colonel Barstow to return to
the Fort. The rendezvous of the rebels was at a place styled " Church
in the Woods." The plan of attack was made and Captain Conkey was
ordered to march with his command from Carthage, to cooperate with a
detachment of the forces from Fort Scott to rendezvous near the
"Church in the Woods" on the night of the 4th of August.
Captain Conkey immediately evacuated Carthage and with his force
augmented by Union citizens to about 125, set out on the 3d of August,
and keeping in the enemy's rear, discovered that they were encamped at
"Church in the Woods," their strength being about 2,000 men.
Deeming it necessary to inform the approaching troops, Captain Conkey
before daylight on the 4th, charged directly through the rebel camp
without loss. He, however, missed Colonel Barstow, who had taken another
road, and with his detachment of 150 men, had proceeded to Montevallo,
where he had a sharp skirmish with the enemy, and soon after fell back
toward Fort Scott, in doing which, he was attacked in flank by a large
force, which took four men prisoners, with all the transportation. The
whole force was next day assembled at the Fort, in anticipation of an
attack. Shortly afterwards, General Blunt arrived at the Fort, when two
expeditions were organized for the pursuit of the enemy. The first set
out on the 14th of August, marching in the direction of Montevallo,
companies F and I, of the Third Wisconsin forming part of the
expedition. An additional force, under General Blunt, followed next day,
Major Henning accompanying as volunteer aid to General Blunt. The
expedition was out ten days, during which, the troops were frequently
engaged. Company I acquitted themselves with great bravery in the action
of Taberville, their conduct receiving special commendation in the
official report of Colonel Cloud. They all participated in the action
at Coon Creek, where the Union force, numbering 600, routed 1,500 of
The companies of the First and Third battalions were engaged during the
summer on duty at the posts assigned them, and the companies at
Leavenworth City, in addition to provost duty, engaged in various
scouting expeditions through the border.
In counties of Missouri, which were then infested with Quantrell s
guerillas. Josiah Davis, of Company A, was reported as killed in Kansas,
August 31st, 1862.
The First and Third battalions, with the exception of companies H,
Captain Stout, and B, Captain Wagner, left Fort Leavenworth for Fort
Scott, on the 11th of September, where ten companies were assembled, and
on the 3d of October, two battalions consisting of six companies, moved
from Fort Scott, in charge of a commissary train and two paymasters,
intended for the Supply and payment of the troops in the field in
Southwestern Missouri, marching by way of Carthage, Granby and Sarcoxie,
to Cassville. Here they were attached to General Salomon's brigade in
the Army of the Frontier. The regiment was under command of Lieutenant
Colonel White and Majors Calkins and Schroeling, Colonel Barstow being
sick at Fort Scott. The regiment accompanied the movements of General
Blunt's forces in the pursuit of Raines, Parsons, etc., finally marching
to Camp Babcock, on Lindsley's Prairie, where they awaited the approach
of General Hindman. On the 27th of November, the forces of General Blunt
moved to Cane Hill, and on the 29th, found the enemy in position. He was
vigorously attacked, and thrown into confusion by a simultaneous charge
of the cavalry. The Third Wisconsin Cavalry took part in this battle.
They remained at Cane Hill during the night, and the next morning, with
Salomon's brigade, moved to Rheas' Mill, nine miles from Cane Hill, under
command of Major Calkins. They accompanied General Blunt's forces to the
assistance of General Herron, and occupied a position on the right,
during the battle of Prairie Grove, most of the time in the reserve.
Robert Armstrong, Company E, died of wounds at Fayetteville, on the 10th
of December, 1862.
After the battle of Prairie Grove, the regiment took part in the raid of
Generals Blunt and Herron, over the Boston. Mountains, to Van Buren, on
the Arkansas River. Returning, they counter-marched by way of White River, and
subsequently encamped at Forsyth, Mo. During this time they were
continually engaged with guerilla parties of the enemy and the men and
horses suffered greatly by the lack of supplies. Martin Van Duzen, Co.
died of wounds at Spring River, Mo, January 13th, 1863, and Robert
Goodman Company C, at Fort Scott, January 13th, 1863, and Andrew McCord,
of Company M, was killed in Missouri on the 30th of March, 1863.
Leaving Forsyth, they marched by way of Yellville, Dubuque and DesPlains,
to Springfield, Mo., where they remained in camp for some time, in order
to allow the regiment to recuperate, having been engaged in the
preceding months almost continually, in scouting and fighting guerillas,
in a country nearly devoid of rations for the men or forage for the
animals. From Springfield they moved to Salem, and on the 20th of June,
proceeded to Fort Scott where they arrived on the 5th of July. Companies
B and H, left at Fort Leavenworth in September of 1862, moved to Fort
Scott, and during the month of May, 1863, together with companies G, I and
M, under command of Captain Stout, marched to Fort Blunt, as escort
to the post supply train. They were attacked on the 30th of May, four
miles from the Fort, by 1,500 Texans and Indians, under the rebel
General Cooper, whom they repulsed with great slaughter, the detachment
losing five men killed and wounded. Having returned to Fort Scott, they
again on the 20th of June, took the road for Fort Blunt, forming part of
the escort to a large supply train. The train was attacked on the 27th,
at Cabin Creek, in the Cherokee Nation, by a greatly superior force of
rebels, under command of General Cooper. The enemy was totally defeated,
and driven across the Verdigris River. Corporal Wm. Page and Azro Mann,
of Company H, are reported as killed at Fort Gibson, May 25th, 1863.
On arriving at Fort Blunt, they were attached to the Third Brigade, Army
of the Frontier, and on the 16th of July, marched southward under
command of General Blunt. On the 17th, they took part in the battle of
Honey Springs, in which the rebels, under Generals Cooper and Standwaite, were utterly
routed, with the loss of a large number of prisoners and all their
artillery. On the 19th, the regiment returned to Fort Blunt.
On the 22d of August, they accompanied the army in another forward
movement, in which they were constantly in advance and actively engaged
in skirmishing and scouting, following the retreating enemy, and
capturing large quantities of stores, and when sixty miles from Red River, fired the last shot at the
enemy as they evacuated Perryville, which was captured, and burned.
John H. May, of Company A, was killed at Honey Springs, August 24th,
In the Summer of 1863, Colonel Barstow was detailed on duty at St.
Louis, as President of a Court Martial, and never rejoined the regiment.
Early in September, Company I returned to Fort Scott, and acted as
escort to General Blunt. The remainder of the detachment, from the 21st
of August to the 6th of October, were constantly engaged in scouting,
and in encounters with the guerillas in the vicinity of Shelbyville, the
capitol of the Choctaw nation. Marching to Van Buren, Ark., on the
Arkansas River, on the 6th of October, they were joined by companies E
and K, and on the 16th, made a raid to Waldron, Ark., routing a large
force of the enemy, and on the next day, moved into the Choctaw nation,
and attacked and put to flight a large force of rebel Indians, captured
all their stores, after which they returned to Van Buren. On the 5th of
November, they moved through the Mulberry Mountains, to Clarksville. On
their way, they encountered the rebel Colonel Brook, with 1,000 men,
whom they drove across the Arkansas River, after a sharp fight,
capturing a large number of the enemy. They returned to Van Buren on the
12th and two days afterwards, with a scouting party, accompanied by
artillery, made a raid to Waldron and Dallas, Ark., where they captured
the rebel Colonel Alexander, with fourteen of his men returning to Van
Buren on the 22d, where they remained until February, 1864.
On the 4th of September 1863, General Blunt left Fort Scott for Fort
Smith, designing to establish district Headquarters at the latter place.
He was accompanied by several members of his staff, among them, Major B.
S. Henning, of the Third Cavalry, Provost Marshal of the district, and
Lieutenant A. W. Farr, of the same regiment, Judge Advocate, together with the brigade band
which was composed of Wisconsin men and the employees in the different
departments of the district headquarters. His escort consisted of forty
men of Company I, Third Wisconsin Cavalry under Lieutenant H. D.
Bannister, forty-three men of Company A, Fourteenth Kansas Cavalry,
under Lieut. Pierce, the whole escort under command of J. G. Cavart,
Third Wisconsin Cavalry, and a train of eight wagons, transporting the
effects of the district headquarters.
At noon, on the 6th of September, when within a short distance of a camp
near Baxter's Spring in the Cherokee Nation, the command was halted, to
permit the train to come up. Soon after, a column of men was seen coming
out of the woods about eighty rods to the left, and forming into line.
The escort was immediately formed in line of battle, and the train took
up its position in the rear. A scout soon came in, informing General
Blunt that the force in front, disguised in Federal uniforms, were enemies, and that an engagement was taking place at the camp of
Lieutenant Pond, who was in command at Baxter's Springs. Of the men
comprising the escort, twenty were acting as rear guard to the
train, leaving but sixty-five to form the line of battle, and receive
the charge of a force of from 300 to 500 men. The lines were not more
than 200 yards distant. The enemy advanced at a walk, firing. The men of
Company A, Fourteenth Kansas, began to break, which the enemy,
perceiving, the charge was ordered, and the whole rebel line advanced
with a shout, at which the remainder of Company A broke, and could not
be rallied. In the meantime, a full volley was fired by Company I, Third
Wisconsin Cavalry. The enemy, however, continued to advance. Company I
stood, firing their revolvers, till the enemy was within twenty feet of
them, when they turned to escape, but before any distance could be made,
the enemy were in their midst, shot down the fleeing men, and
murdered such as were merely wounded. Of the forty men of Company I, who
composed part of the escort, twenty-two were killed, and four were
wounded and left on the field for dead.
During the attack, the band wagon attempted to escape, and had made
about half a mile when one of the wheels came off, which the enemy
perceived, and rushed upon its occupants and commenced
indiscriminate slaughter of the whole band. Many of them were shot
while in the wagon. The bodies were gathered and thrown in or under the
wagon, which was set fire to, in many of them were much burned, and
otherwise brutally mutilated.
About the time of the appearance of the enemy on the left, a fight, was
going on, on the opposite side of the ridge a portion of the rebel band
having attacked the position of Lieutenant Pond. The Lieutenant had sent
off the greater portion of his force, foraging, but still made a gallant
defense. The enemy, however, was drawn off to the attack of General
Blunt and his party, and the Lieutenant prepared himself to meet still
further demonstration from them, not dreaming that a bloody massacre was
being enacted in close proximity to his camp
After plundering the wagons, and making sure that their victims were
dead, Quantrell and his bloody band left the field. Major Gillis, Blunt's
Assistant Adjutant General, and Lieutenant A. W. Farr were found dead,
evidently murdered in cold blood. Major Curtis was the son of General
Curtis, of Iowa and was a man of established character for courage and ability.
Lieutenant A. W. Farr, was a lawyer by profession, and was a resident of
Geneva, Walworth County. He was a Democrat in politics, and had
represented his district in the legislature. On the outbreak of the
rebellion, being a Democrat of the Ben Butler stamp, he accepted a
position where he thought he could be of service to his country, and
in the execution of that trust he lost his life, stating, but a few
days before his death, that it "was not ambition nor gain that
prompted him to enter the army, but only that he might do his mite
towards crushing the rebellion; that he did riot seek promotion, but
was willing to serve where he could do the most good."
The list of those who were killed at the massacre of Blunt's command, we
find in the Adjutant General's records:
KILLED.- Staff Officer - Quartermaster, Lieutenant A. W. Farr.
Company G - Private George W. Tice. Company H - Sergeant A. A. Bennett, and
Private Oman Shaver. Company I - Sergeant Joseph Burlingame, Corporals
David Beam, William C. Hopper, Samuel P. Hart and Robert R. Murphy,
Privates Henry Brewer, William C. Clark, Jas. Dimpsey, Stephen V. Gallea,
John Ganier, Alfred Green, William M. Gifford, Frank Galvin, G. F.
Mossinger, Henry A. Pond, Lincoln S. Rice, Marion Rickard, D. Smith,
Francis Van Camp, Abram Woodfall, John C. Wright and John Zahner -26.
Wounded - Company I- Sergeant J. Splain, Privates A. McCune, F. Arnold
and Jesse Smith - 4.
The casualties in the Brigade Band we find given as follows:
Killed: Leader, H. Pellage, T. L Davis, H. Barlow, F. Rosmanith, F.
Balaum, M. Mumser, N. Nott, T. Lusher, S. Orvis, F. Simon and J. Fritz -
During the engagement which Lieutenant Pond had with the rebels, the
following casualties occurred:
KILLED - Company C-Privates John Davis, William W. Lloyd,
Thomas P. Leath, Dennis McNary, Abram C. Rokefellow and Philander T. Stimpson
Lieutenant Pond, of Company C, of the Third received great praise for
the manner in which he defended his position.
On the 26th of October, 1863, Lieutenant Colonel White was dismissed the
service, and Major E. A. Calkins was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel on
the 29th of December, and Captain Derry, on the 22d of January, 1864.
The following casualties we find recorded in the Adjutant office:
KILLED - Choctaw Nation- Company B-First Sergeant C. K. Bly, October
11th, 1863. At Carthage MO.- Company C - Private S. Howard, December 22d
1863. At Ballstown, MO. - Company E, Privates John H. Robinson, July 8th,
1863, and Geo. R. Kelley, October 10th, 1863. At Clarkesville, Ark.-
Company E - Privates Fred A. Martin and J. C. Russel, November 8th,
1863. At Fort Smith. - Company L. - Sergeant D. E. Bartram, September
Reenlistments commenced in January, 1864, and continued until
three-fourths of the regiment had reenlisted, and on the 30th of,
March the regiment moved from Van Buren and arrived it Little Rock
on the 16th of April, the veterans were embodied in companies B, E, G,
H, I, K and L, and proceeded by steamer and rail to Madison, Wis., where
they spent their thirty days furlough, reassembled at Madison, and on
the 19th of June, 1864, were again in camp at Duvall's Bluff from whence
they subsequently moved to Huntsville near Little Rock, where they were
engaged in picket and guard duty, and scouting between the Arkansas and
White Rivers, frequently engaged portions of Shelby's men, and were also
employed as escorts to trains between Little Rock and Duvall's Bluff. August
28th, a detachment of 104 men, under Major Derry, joined all expedition
in pursuit of the rebel force, from which they returned, and resumed
picket duty, in Little Rock on the 7th of September. They subsequently
moved to a Camp one mile west of Little Rock.
The other five companies were stationed in Kansas and Missouri.
Company A at Ballstown, Company C, at Fort McKean, Company D at Fort
Hamer, Company F at Fort Insley, all in Missouri, and Company M at
Pawnee, Kansas. Here they were in scouting , picketing, forage and escort duty.
On the, 25th, Major Derry left camp with a detachment of 141 men is part
of an expedition to Fort Smith; They returned to Little Rock on the,
13th of October, 1864, where companies B, E, G, H, I, K and L remained
during the winter, engaged in detachments, in scouting, guarding
trains, patrolling the roads in the surrounding country, and
skirmishing with guerillas and bushwhackers.
The following list is from the records of the Adjutant General, reported
KILLED or DIED of WOUNDS - At Van Buren, May 17- Company L -Privates
Saml. H.Castello and Lewis A. McClure. Missouri.- Company C,. Private
Hunt, June 16, Company B - Private William Copeland, August 11. At White
Oak Creek - Company L. - Private Alva Hanson, August 11. Company A -
Private George W. Carr, September 1. At Clarksville, Ark. - Company H. -
Private Wm. Jones, September 28. Company M,. First Lieutenant Lorenzo A.
Dixon, October 20. Company K - Joseph Bohnard. At Fort Scott - Company
C- Private George C. Foster, November 21. At Dardanelles, Ark.- Company I
- Private Riley R. Stillman January 14, 1865 - 11.
On the l0th of March, 1865, a small detachment, under Captain
Geisler, of Company A, was sent from camp at Little. Rock, to capture a
band of guerillas near Clear Lake, about forty miles distant.
Accompanied by the person who gave information as to the whereabouts of the band, as a
guide, they moved forward, and approached a cane brake, the guide gave a
signal and disappeared in a thicket. A volley of musketry
assailed the head of the column, and Captain Geisler fell from his
horse, mortally wounded, with five gun shot wounds in his body, from
which he died next day. The force of Captain Geisler numbered about
forty; the force of the enemy in ambush was estimated at 200. The
detachment returned to Little Rock, and a larger force of cavalry was
sent out to secure the body of Captain Geisler, and capture the guerilla
by whose hand he was brought to his death. The casualties in this
affair, as reported by Major Derry, were:
KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS:
Company A - Captain Geisler. Company D - Private Daniel H. Hooper - 2.
WOUNDED.- Company D - Corporal Steadman L. Jackson, and Private Wm.
Shelton. Company E - Private Jacob C. Forty - 3.
Eleven were reported as
February 24th, 1865, Lieutenant Colonel Calkins was mustered out on
expiration of service.
On the 9th of March, 1865, Lieutenant Colonel Derry was commissioned as
Colonel, and Captain Vittum as Lieutenant Colonel.
On the expiration of the term of service of the original organization,
the regiment on the 19th of April, 1865, was reorganized by order of the
General commanding the department. The companies stationed at Little
Rock were consolidated into five companies A, B, C, D and E, under
command of Major Derry. The designation of the other companies,
stationed in Missouri and Kansas, was also changed, Company F, at Fort
Mo., alone retaining its position. Company M, at Pawnee, Kansas, became
Company G, Company C, at Fort McKean, Mo. became Company H, Company D,
at Fort Hamer, Mo. became Company I, and Company A, at Fort Curtis,
Mo., became Company K.
The battalion at Little Rock, under Colonel Derry, left that city on
the 21st of April, 1865, and proceeded to Duvall's Bluff, where they
remained till the 3d of June, when they proceeded down White River and
up the Mississippi, to St. Louis, thence to Rolla by rail, from whence
they marched to Springfield, Mo. Here they remained until the 18th of
July, when they took up their line of March to Fort Leavenworth,
reaching there on the 2d of August. Here the battalion was mustered out
on the 8th of September, and returned home, arriving at Madison on the
14th, where they were paid and discharged.
Companies F, H, I and K were mustered out on the 29th of September, at
Fort Leavenworth, and arrived at Madison on the 2d of October. Company
L was mustered out at Fort Leavenworth on the 23d, and Company G on the
27th, soon after which they returned home, and were paid off and