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1862 October, Seventh
On the battle field of Sharpsburg Md., Wednesday,
Sept. 17th, 1862.
Wesley Craig, son of Jonathan and Mary Craig, age 20 years, 1 month and
Among the many causalities which have of late fallen with such touching
severity upon our gallant Wisconsin Volunteers in the recent struggles
on the Potomac, none have sent a deeper thrill of sorrow through the
bosoms of the inhabitants of this village than that of the untimely fall
of this noble youth. Though but just emerging from the endearing rounds
of sportive boyhood he arose in the strength of opening manhood, impromptu
answer to his country's call, and freely dedicated the morning of his
life to her service.
Among the "Lancaster Union Guards" who
left our county on the 29th of August '61 under the command of Capt.
Callis to rally around our national standard
and battle in defense of it
honor we find his name enrolled.
Having been nurtured in the arms of his mother in
whose bosom glows the living fire of her country's love, and inspired
with noble sentiments inculcated thoroughly with the teachings of a father
whose devotion to his country's welfare is attested by the dangers he
has encountered in years past, on the tented field, we wonder not at the
early desire which prompted him to participate in the labors of
vindicating his country's rights.
Of the nobleness, with which he, in common with his
fellow soldiers, bore the toils and dangers of the deadly conflicts
through which they have been called to pass as privates in Company F, of
the 7th Reg't Wis. Vol., we ask no further evidence than that
by the many gallant achievements
that have crowned their heroic efforts
On third fatal day, long and hard had been the contest
between his valiant band and the stubborn foe and they were just being relieved
by their comrades fresh
from the rear when he fell to rise no more.
In honor of his gallantry in this last hour of danger it is
enough that one of his noble companions in arms has said, "he stood up
to the work like a man through the hottest of the fight". And though we
feel that it is indeed an affection of the greatest severity to be called thus
early to part with him and many others whom we might mention, whose lives have been
giving a willing sacrifice upon the alter of out county, yet we esteem the
course in defense of which he and they have fallen as one in which it's is an
honor to die.
Buena Vista, Oct 1st '62
From Co. E, 7th Reg't
Camp near Sharpsburg, Md.
October 1st, 1862
Ed. Marquette Express, - Dear Sir: - When I sent you a list of the
causalities of Co. E. of the 7th Regiment Wis. Volunteers , in the late
battles in Virginia and Pennsylvania, I had no time to give any
particulars. I now give a few, which may be of some interest:
Corporal Gustavus Sergeant. of "Westfield, was hit by a shell at the
battle of "Antietam", which broke his thigh and passed into his
body causing his death in a few hours. He was perfectly conscious of his
situation and bore his pain with heroic fortitude, saying to his friend,
Mussay, with almost his last breath, "I am willing to die."
"tell my father and friends I fought and died for my country."
Corp'l Sergeant was one of our most exemplary and best soldiers and while
we regret and with his friends mourn his loss, we rejoice that he dies the
most noble of all deaths - the death of a patriot soldier, fighting
for the rights of many, for truth and humanity - an honor to
his friends and his country.
Private James Pattingell, of Kingston was severely wounded by a musket
ball which struck his hip, breaking and destroying the joint so that amputation
of the leg could not save him. He was also wounded in the arm. He lived
six days, enduring the most intense pain like a martyr, when he he expired
shortly after asking those around him to inform his mother that he did not
run from the enemy - James faced the balls of the foe, fought and died
like a soldier and will receive his reward for the service he has tendered
James Briggs - another of our most noble boys - received a very frightful
wound in the body and leg, but uttered no word of complaint or fear. We
could judge of his suffering only by his wounds and his paleness. When
spoken to in regard of his probable death - for we all supposed he would
die - he said calmly "I have always tried to do my duty." He was
taken to the hospital, his wound dressed after taking a piece of shell out
of his body, and when we last heard from him he was doing well. God grant
that he may live to return to his friends. a more noble boy never lived
Private George W. Eddy, of New Chester, AdamsCcounty, who was seriously wounded
in the leg, on the 28th of Aug. in the battle near Gainesville, Va. died
at Douglass Hospital in Washington, Sept. 13th.
It is also unofficially reported that Corporal John J. Rose of Hancock,
wounded in the foot Aug. 28th, has since died of lockjaw, in Washington
All the other boys of our company who were wounded are doing finely, so
far as heard from.
We are now enjoying a season of rest - do not expect to rest long as
the enemy are in our front, across the Potomac, and the booming of the murderous
cannon is heard almost every day which tells us our forces and those of
the enemy are not far apart. Today the President is here it review the remnants
of "Lincoln's hirelings" as we are called by our foes.
Of course you will have heard the full particulars in detail of all the
late battles before this reaches you, so asking the boys of old Marquette
and vicinity to come and help us and hoping for the early dawn of the "Good
I will close.
L. E. Pond
HEADQUARTERS 7TH REGT. WIS. VOLS.
Camp in field, Md.
Oct. 6th 1862
Friend Cober: - I notice in the Madison Journal in which my reports of
the battles of the 16th and 17th of Sept. were published that a mistake occurred
in the name of the person who commanded Co. F; the company was commanded
by Sergt. Wm. Eugene Stoat, instead of Wm. E. Stout; please note it.
John B. Callis, Capt..
Commanding 7th Reg't. W.V.
Gibbon's Brigade in the Late battles--
Interesting letter from Frank A.
The Portage Register publishes an interesting letter from our fellow
townsman Frank A. Haskell of the Wisconsin 6th. now Acting Assistant
Adjutant General of Gibbon's Brigade to his brother in that city. It
relates to the late battles about Manassas and in Maryland, We copy some
THE FIGHT NEAR GAINESVILLE
On the 29th of August on the turnpike from Warrenton to Centerville,
near Gainesville King's division encountered the right wing of the
I will not say now whose was the fault, but of the division consisting
of four brigades, two were not engaged at all, and one other but lightly.
But Gibbon's, the 2d, 6th and 7th Wisconsin, and 19th Indiana, which the rebels
have named the "Black Hat" Brigade - they wear black felt Army
Hats - went into the fight. This was their first hard battle, as the sun
was going down upon this pleasant August day their line was formed that
they stood face to face with three times their number - nowhere a
hundred yards distant, and in some places not more than twenty - and for
nearly an hour and a half until entire darkness came upon the earth, the
little hill whereon they stood was a roaring hell of fire. Retiring
never an inch. with no confusion, now standing up, now flat upon the earth,
now swaying backwards or forwards to get advantage on ground, the devoted
1800 blazed with fire. Line after line of the rebels confronted them and
was swept away or broke in confusion. Fresh regiments would again appear
upon the grounds, their discomfited ranks had left and with a cheer would
rush on for a charge upon the "Black Hats". But their rebel
cheer was drowned in one three times louder by the Badger boys, and
their lines met the fate of their predecessors. No battle was ever so
fierce before - no men ever did better than did the men of Gibbon's
Brigade. With the darkness came cessation of the rebel fire, and then,
and not till then, ours ceased. We had yielded not an inch and our
pickets covered our advanced lines. Then came the taking off the dead
and wounded. Then we learned the extent of our loss.
Now was the hardest part of the battle - to learn who of our friends
were killed or wounded. 771 of the brigade had fallen. I cannot give the
names of any; you have read them in the papers. At a little past
midnight we were ordered to leave the scene of our terrible battle, and
having cared for the wounded as well as we could and taken as many as
the ambulances would hold with us, we silently took up the line of the
march of Manassas Junction. As the daylight came on the next morning
none of us could look upon our thinned ranks, so full the night before,
now so shattered, without tears.and the faces of those brave boys, as the
morning sun disclosed them, no pen can describe. The men were cheerful,
quiet and orderly. The dust
and blackness of battle were upon their clothes, and in their hair and
on their skin. "but you saw none of these; you only saw their eyes,
and the shadows of the "light of battle," and the furrows
plowed upon cheeks that were smooth a day before, and not now half
filled up. I could not look upon them without tears, and could have
hugged the necks of them all.
THE BATTLE OF SOUTH MOUNTAIN
OUR FORCES HERE, I SUPPOSE EXCEEDED 30,000. THAT OF THE ENEMY WAS FROM
30,000 - 40,000. By one or two o'clock P.M. the battle became general.
Reno, first attacking on the left, and Hooker on the righ; the turnpike
was the center, and was guarded on our side by our numerous batteries.
At about 4o'clock P.M. Gibbons' Brigade, which belong to the bully Joe
Hooker's corps, but was that day detached, got orders from Gen. Burnside
to move up the turnpike towards the gorge and attack the enemy and
dislodge them. This was the hard place of the whole line but this
Brigade never falters, and amid Hooker's thunder upon the right, and
Reno's upon the left, the "Black Hats" moved steadily on to
At the sun an hour high in the afternoon with its rays streaming full in
their faces, they were engaged with the enemy's infantry, largely their superiors
in numbers and posted behind stone walls and in woods, the rebel batteries meantime
hurling shell among us to which our own artillery replied with interest. The
rebel artillery was silenced, the brigade drove all before it up the gorge as
darkness came on, and we heard first the cheers of Reno, then of Hooker, upon our
left and right telling us that all but the center was won. Wisconsin through commencing
last and with its work not done could not fail to do that work well before it
slept. So above the roar of the battle went up the cheers of the Wisconsin men
in response to those of their friends upon the right and left and with the
coming on of night they redoubled their work.-
At about 10, P.M. the battle closed.- the enemy was dislodged from the gorge,
and the Brigade rested upon their arms- the 6th where they fought the others,
relieved by fresh troops, who came and took their places and the fell back a few
yards, first for more ammunition, then for sleep. And the victory was won along
the whole line and the rebels were in confusion and retreat upon the other side
of the mountain.
BATTLE OF ANTIETAM
Our brigade moved out to battle a little after sunrise and before we had moved a
hundred yards toward the enemy their second shell- the first just passed over
out heads - dropped and exploded in the 6th Wisconsin and killed or wounded
thirteen men and officers- Capt. D. K. Noyes of Baraboo being among the latter.
He has had his right foot amputated saving the heel and ankle joint- is dong
well and will undoubtedly recover. We moved on to battle and soon the whole
ground shook at the discharges of artillery and infantry. Gainesville, Bull Run,
South Mountain were good respectable battles but in the intensity and energy
of the fight and roar of firearms, they were but skirmishes in comparison to
this of Sharpsburg. The battle raged all day, what short intervals during which
charges were being made in the disposition of troops. At night we were in
occupation of almost all we had gained of ground; this was a good deal The
enemy's dead and wounded were nearly all in our lines. The slaughter upon both
sides is enormous. All hands agree that before they had never seen such a
fearful battle. The loss of the Brigade was in killed and wounded, 880 - 47.5
percent. of the men engaged. The victory was complete, but not decisive. The
18th was consumed in maneuvering and ascertaining the position of the enemy and
on that night he skedaddled out of Maryland leaving his dead unburied, his wounded
uncared for and a large amount of arms and some guns in our hands. About twenty
stands of colors were captured by us - two by the 6th Wisconsin. The flag of the
6th received three bullets in the flags staff and some fifteen in the flag! that
of the 2d Wisconsin - 3 bullets in the staff and more than twenty in the flag.
We are now near the field. I hope you may never have the occasion to see such a
sight as it is. It will not attempt to tell you of it. But amid such scenes we
are all cheerful, the men were never more so - victory in two hard great battles
and the rebels out of Maryland made us glad.
THROUGH ALL THESE FOUR BATTLES WHICH I HAVE HINTED AT, I HAVE BEEN AND AM
UNHARMED. I CANNOT TELL HOW ANYONE COULD HAVE SURVIVED; BUT WE ARE ALIVE AND
HAVE THE BELIEF THAT HE WHO CONTROLS THE DESTINIES OF NATIONS AND MEN, HAS SAVED
ME, AND WILL , UNHARMED , IN MANY MORE BATTLES.
I have not been afraid of anything in battle. One does not mind the bullets
and shells much, but only looks to the men and the enemy to see that all is
right. I saw many incidents of battle that would interest you, but cannot now
tell them. One however I will tell, On the 17th, about 10 o'clock A. M., I was
sent to Gen. Hooker with a message. I had to ride through a hailstorm of
bullets from the enemy not a hundred yards and off and was upon the gallop upon
my pet horse "Joe," a fine creature, fleet as a deer, and
brave as a lion , who had carried me in all the battles, when a musket
bullet hit him full in the side, he jumped into the air - the blood spurted
several yards from the wound, and he staggered to fall. I dismounted and patted
his neck to take leave of the faithful creature. He leaned his head against me
like a child. But I must leave him; I started, and he whinnied after me and
tried to follow. I went to him and again stroked his neck and patted him. He
seemed to know as much as a man. I again started to leave him. He again tried to
follow, but his poor legs could carry him no more ; he whinnied for me feebly,
and fell, and was dead in a minute. I could not help a tear for him.
Captain Bachelle of the 6th Wisconsin had a pet Newfoundland dog that he had
raised, and which was always with him. Master and dog both fell dead together
upon the field shot with bullets.
LETTER FROM CAPT. CALLS COMMANDING THE 7TH REGIMENT
Camp of the 7th, Regt. Wis. Vols.
Near Sharpsburg, Md., Oct 14th, 1862
Friend Cover: - After having passed through many varied scenes and some desperate
struggles in which many of my fellow solders have participated for the last
time, I feel sad and tremble when I contemplate our future prospects of peace;
I have imagined more than once since I have been in the service that I could
almost see the beginning of the end of the rebellion but late resolutions demonstrated
by movements of the enemy as well as the chaotic state of the public mind,
both in military and private circles, make the light of hope flicker and die
with me. When I look back to the position we occupied one year ago and the unanimity
of purpose then manifested by a united North and review the high hopes then entertained
by the soldiers as well as the civilian of a speedy restoration of peace in
our shattered republic and compare that hope and the surrounding circumstances
and prospects on which it was predicted with present and future prosperity and
the distracted condition if which the public mind has arrived , I shudder at
the conclusion that forces itself up on my mind.
It seems to me that the whole powers of heaven and hell had
combined to make the total destruction of our government the culminating point
to which the present state of things would indicate a speedy arrival . We see
political leaches sticking and hanging on to the policy adopted by the administration
after nature and sober deliberation until they have sucked the last drop of virtue
there from; thus leaving the whole thing to appear like a blank and total
failure when viewed in the metamorphosed shape that these political tricksters
would have the honest yeomanry of the country see them by this means as well
as other political trickery and they are fast detracting from the unanimity so
indispensable in this struggle. I tell you sir, the North must be come as a
unit, lay aside and forget all old party feelings and political differences,
and the putting down of this rebellion the uncompromising object of a united
effort; this done in good faith when will the seven headed monster
"Secesh," become alarmed and ashamed of his hideous proportions and
seek a place to hide himself from the gaze of an injured and indignant people.
Then will the sweet and invigorating wasters of peace flow into every rivulet
from the Pacific to the Atlantic, and from the North Pole to the Torrid Zone.
Political pipe layers must be wiped out, the people must unite in supporting
the administration and those acting under it; if not this rebellion has no
end; the press must learn that the soldier in the field is suffering almost
unendurable privations, looks to the press of their county for the cheering
voice of consolation and a due appreciation of their hones and uniting efforts
to put down this rebellion; and they must always see the political effect of
public denunciations of the administration and the Generals under whom we have
to fight is having on the army ; the soldier must be inspired with confidence
in the administration in his generals, in the justness of the war, and the
course be himself in pursuing or he faints and falls by the wayside becomes
discouraged losses his energy and is worthless to the service.
Old Abe stands well in the army, and the longer he stands the
firmer and sounder he gets. I was told by a rebel officer last night that the disaffected
state of things in the North as indicated by the press had been worth more to
them than two hundred thousand fighting men in the field; and I believe it is true
for while we at the North are discussing the merits and demerits of the
President, his late proclamations and the Generals under his command and trying
every conceivable way to tie the hands of the one, and discourage the practicability
of the other, Jackson, Lee and Stuart are with impunity making their raids
into Maryland and Pennsylvania and running rampant through the Border States,
stealing, horses, destroying public and private property; and what may seem
most strange to you that they get away without being bagged; the reasons are
quite obvious to men in the field; they think once and calculate the distance
around our Border and then see how many men it will take to guard the lines
with; take that number from the efficient force in the field and see how many
men you have left to do the fighting; you expect us to have a sufficient guard
at every point to render it impregnable and ........to have a reserve sufficient
to repel an attack of the whole rebel army; you must know too that our own
country is full of sympathizers who are always ready to give the rebels due
and timely notice of weak points and of all contemplated movements our forces;
if you at the North don't know this it is high time that you did. I tell you
sir, that our own country is divided to such an extent that no General on
earth can bring this war to a successful issue in ten years unless the North becomes
a unit and forgets everything but the salvation of our county; you
cannot subjugate the South by discussing the merits and demerits of Gen. McClellan
and the policy of the administration; you must put you shoulder the the wheel
as one man and then the South will feel our strength and not until then.
Pardon me if I have said anything that does not suit your
ideas of the thing for I wish no harm to any but traitors and speak my honest
We expect to take the Iron Brigade into action again in a few
days; look out for the important news soon.
John B. Callis
Thanks to Wisconsin Soldiers
The following order has been issued by Gen. Gibbons to his brigade:
Headquarters Gibbons Brigade
Sharpsburg, Oct. 18, 1862
Special Order. - It is with great
satisfaction that the brigadier general commanding announces to the
Wisconsin Troops the following endorsement upon a letter to his excellency
the Governor of Wisconsin. His greatest pride will always be are always
merited. I beg to add to this endorsement the expression of my great admiration
of the conduct of the three Wisconsin regiments in Gen. Gibbons brigade.
has seen them under fire acting in a manner that reflects the greatest
possible credit and honor upon themselves and their State.
They are equal to the best troops in any army of
the world .
(Signed.) Geo. B. McClellan
By command of Brigadier Gen. Gibbons.
J. P. Wood, Captain and A. A. G.
The three regiment are the 2d, 6th and 7th - all old troops that have
tramped all over Virginia.
Medical History of the
7th Wisconsin Regiment,
from its arrival in Washington to the first of October.
Some time since, in pursuance of orders from the Surgeon General, medical
inspection of the Army of the Potomac was undertaken and reports required from
the Surgeons of the different Regiments. We are indebted to Surgeon Ayres
of the 7th Regiment for a copy of his report. It embraces an interesting
history of the regiment from its arrival in Washington to a recent date
and gives an exhibit of the diseases to which it has been subject with an
idea of ils effective strength at different periods.
A note enclosing the report dated Oct 15th says the regiment was then
doing well and ready to march at an hour's notice.
Dr. Edw. P. Vultum, Medical Inspector, U.S.A.;
Sir: - Agreeably to you request, I beg leave to submit the following report
relating to medical and sanitary condition of the 7th Regt. Wis. Vol., with
which I have the honor of being connected.
D. Cooper Ayres, Surgeon,
7th Regt. Wis. Vol.
Camp near Sharpsburg, Md., Oct. 9, 1862
This regiment arrived in Washington, D.C. the 26 day of September A.D.
1861, numbering 1017 enlisted men. The measles had broken out in the
regiment at Camp Randall, Wis. a short time previously to its leaving that
location, and at the time of arrival in Washington was prevailing to a
The first camp occupied was the open ground east of the Capitol. The
second was at Camp Lyon, near Chain Bridge. The third was at Arlington
Heights where it remained during the winter, the men occupying common wall
tents. Here we had a limited number of cases of common continued fever,
but the general health was good.
We broke camp on the 10th of March and went to Fairfax C. H., Va., thence
back to Arlington Heights; and thence to Fairfax Seminary. The weather
being inclement and the tents affording but imperfect protection the
men complained a good deal of the exposure to which the were subjected
being now provided with shelter tents only.
On the 4th of April we again broke camp and marched to Bull Run, Manassas
and Bristow Station, under great exposure experiencing at this time a snow
and rain storm which lasted five days.
We left Bristow Station on the 14th of April leaving seventeen patients
sick in hospital and marched to Cutlet's Station where we left ten patents
more. The cases were chiefly the result of exposure in our marches. Our transportation
being insufficient and the roads being remarkably heavy and mud deep, we
were under the necessary of leaving a Catlett's everything we could
dispense with for the time being and consequently were obliged to turn
over to Government a large supply of medical and hospital stores amounting
to over $200. In this department, our outfit had been liberal and up to this
time our supplies had been abundant for our own use but since then we have
labored under many disadvantages from an insufficiency.
On the 21st we left Catlett's and reached Falmouth on the 24th. Our sick
list increased both in numbers and severity, we having at this time a
number of cases of severe typhoid fever.
The last of May we again marched to Catlett's thence to Haymarket and
Warrenton, and back to Falmouth within ten days and encamped upon the open
field on the clay soil table and land of the Rappahannock opposite
Fredericksburg where we remained about forty days. The surrounding here
were not salubrious and although the water used in camp seemed to come
from springs yet it was little if anything more then surface water passing
a few feet through channels in the clay soil and subsoil. Diarrhea of a
serious character accompanied in most instances with a form of continued
fever prevailed extensively throughout the regiment which as the temperature
of the weather increased became more severe.
Towards the last of July we moved camp a little further from the river to
a more desirable location where we remained about twelve days but the unhealthy
influences prevailing the former camp continued to develop themselves
while we remained here.
On the 5th of August the Regiment marched on a reconnaissance beyond Fredericksburg
and left camp a little before daylight. The debilitated state the men were
in caused many to fall out and on our return to camp three days afterwards
we found our sick list very much increased.
On the morning of the 9th we broke camp to join Gen. Pop's army near
Culpepper Court House and were under the necessity of sending off sixty-six
patients via railroad. On the evening of the second day we joined Gen.
Pope near Cedar or Slaughter Mountain , a distance of forty-five miles.
This march told severely on the physical powers of the men and over two thirds
of the Regiment were now applying for medical advice. The prevailing
trouble was diarrhea, debility and general prostration of physical and nervous
On the 18th we struck tents ,the men resting on their arms over night and
retreated on the next day to Rappahannock Station. From here we sent
twenty-seven patients to Catlett's Station and the Regiment participated a
little in the skirmishing of the 21st, 22d, and 23d wherein we had two men
wounded by the ricocheting of a solid shot. We then were ordered on a
forced march to Warrenton, thence to White Sulphur Springs where we remained
one day to witness a little artillery skirmishing and then return to Warrenton
continuing our march directly to Gainesville, passing the village about
noon on the 28th and resting few hours for refreshments.
About two miles from Gainesville we met the enemy in a severe engagement
of artillery and musketry. The mean strength of the regiment for this
month was 774, including officers and soldiers, but a number had
been sent to the hospital, a number had been detailed as wagon guard for
the train which was then a Centerville, and some had fallen out so that
the number of men actually engaged in the action did not exceed 580 rank
and file, and we lost in this and subsequent actions of the two following
days, 28 killed, and 155 wounded making from among the effective men
actually on duty a loss of nearly 32 percent.
On the 30th the Brigade to which our regiment belongs was posted on the
right of the line of battle and mainly covered the retreat of the army
that night towards Centerville.
From Centerville we continued our retreat and on the evening of Sept. 2d
we arrived at Upton's Hill the men very much prostrated both from the excitement
and the exposure to which they had been subjected.
On the evening of the 6th we broke camp on Upton 's Hill and during the
night we marched thence through Alexandria on the way to Frederick City,
Md. The aggravating effects of the events of the ten previous days now
presented themselves in many instances in a very marked degree in the
prostration of mental as well as physical energy. - the men had rested four
days at Upton's Hill but did not recruit physically and their energy and
ambition were so much depressed that they fell out by the wayside in
scores exhibiting the appearance of general exhaustion with symptoms of corporeal
The same thing had been observed but a much less extent on two previous
times during the present campaign . On returning to Fredericksburg from
the reconnaissance of August 8th a general lassitude seemed to control the
normal energies. Also the same thing presented itself on the march from
Warrenton to Gainesville, Aug 27 and 28th but the excitement attending the
event of the evening of the 28th and subsequent days until we reached
Upton's Hill seemed to sustain the men and events keep their energies
buoyant. But at this place the excitement having subsided both the
physical and mental energies of the men became very much depressed and at
the commencement of the march from this place they seemed controlled by an
almost ungovernable lassitude. The proportion of those who fell out during
the first two day was greater then had been experienced on any previous
march - but upon arriving at Frederick City, Md. the spirits of the men
began to assume more buoyancy and when the regiment was again called into
the engagement of the 14th at South Mountain they had recovered their
native vigor and there reasserted their title to be claimed as veterans.
On this march between Georgetown and Frederick City the Government, needing
transportation elsewhere, took from us our hospital supply team and we were
under the necessity of turning over to the proper department not only our
hospital tent but also the greatest proportion of our medicines and
hospital supplies only reserving for use such as we could carry a small
The enemy retired from the field a little after 10 o'clock P.M. of the
14th. Previous to this time also all of the battles in which our regiment
had been engaged had been fought late in the afternoon or in the dusk of
evening or in the nighttime making more inconvenient in attending to the
needs of the wounded.
On the 15th and 16th we advanced as the enemy retired and on the night of
the 16th the regiment lay upon their arms on the margin of the field of
Antietam. The events of the 17th, in which our regiment participated are
already a matter of history and since then we have quietly remained in
camp near the Battle Field on the north bank of the Potomac.
The following is a synopsis of the sanitary condition of the regiment for
the six months ending September 30th as taken from the hospital records.
those cases where a less number than five occurred in a month are included
collectively under the head of "miscellaneous cases:"
SYNOPSIS of Report of the Medical
the 7th Regt. Wis. Vols.
from April 1st to Sept. 30th, inclusive:
|Febris Contin. C
|do Intermit. Q
* 28th and 30th of August;
and 14th and 17th of September.
NOTE:-The record for April is somewhat incomplete, being on the march;
there were 27 patients left at Bristow's and Cutlet's Stations.