From the Sixth Regiment
Camp Lyon, Oct. 4, 1861
Since my last nothing of interest has occurred in this vicinity
excepting the general retreat of the rebels and advance of our forces over
the river, which took place last Saturday. The whole thing was done so
quietly that most of us did not know of it
until the Sunday morning papers from Washington came up.
All though we were ordered about midnight, Saturday night to hold
ourselves in readiness to march by daylight Sunday morning with two day's
rations yet very few of us thought of the rebels as being the cause of the
order. We were held in readiness to re-inforce our troops over the river in
case the rebels should attempt to re-occupy any of the positions that they
But as yet they have shown no disposition to return and our camp has
again become as quiet as usual. Of the value of these fortifications that
have come into our hands it it sufficient to say that we have been most
thoroughly hoaxed in regard to their importance they being chiefly valuable
as lookouts and affording excellent opportunities for building batteries
which by the way our troop are doing.
The enterprising artist who sketched the Rebel fornications at Munson's
Hill for that celebrated pictorial sheet having an extensive circulation,
"&c. &c. certainly never approached near enough to the Hill to endanger his
life by a shot from a 64-pounder provided there had been one there. the cut
of the frowning ramparts and high walls in the aforesaid pictorial bear
about as much resemblance to the rifle pits found at Munson's Hill as Gee.
MeClellan's army of the Potomac does to a fourth of July procession in
Beloit. As to the reason for this step on the part of the rebels it is hard
to give any. Whether the withdrawal is for the purpose of drawing us into an
ambuscade or for the purpose of concentrating their forces for an attack
above or below or whether it is the commencement of a general retreat is is
impossible to say.
Two regiments of our brigade, the 19th Indiana and the 2d Wisconsin have
lately come back from over the river and encamped near us. The 2d are in
good spirits as usual -discipline ditto and seemed to be as happy as though
every one of them owned half of a kingdom. They are good fellows and
although there is no disguising the fact that they are many of them rather
rather tough still there is as good fighting stock in them as in any
Wisconsin regiment or I might say in any regiment.
The 7th Wisconsin arrived here last Tuesday. Our boys and those of the 2d
made extravagant demonstrations of delight when they saw the grey uniforms
and blue flag coming up the road from towards Washington. We were very much
pleased with the appearance of Captain Gordon's company. They will compare
favorable with any company in General King's brigade. Captain Gordon and
Lieutenants Oakley and Shirrell are a looking well, notwithstanding the hard
trip they have had from Madison here the proficiency of drill as shown in
the movements of the seventh was a subject of general remark.
The 5th Wisconsin has been taken out of this brigade the reasons for this
step have not yet fully transpired to us at least. We all regret it very
much as we felt an attachment for the 5th that we felt for no other regiment
as we might be said to have grown up together. I heard yesterday that they
were near falls church. Wherever they are thy cannot fail to do honor to
themselves and to the State to which they belong.
We had a military funeral in camp yesterday. A corporal in company I,
from Gad Axe country died of typhoid fever, and was buried with military
honors at Teunallytown. It is somewhat unpleasant here at present. The days
are hot and the nights very chilly, and the fog here is every morning so
thick that it can be cut with a knife. There are three or four cases of
fever and ague in our company.
We have had a change in field officers lately. Lt. col. J. P. Atwood of
Madison resigned on account of ill health and Major Sweet was appointed in
his place Capt. E. S. Bragg of fond du Lac, was appointed Major by Gov.
Randall, Capt. Northrop could have been Major had he chosen and was urged by
some to accept the position but he preferred to remain with his company. And
although we would have been glad to have seen him promoted yet we could not
spare him nor replace him by any man we know of. the captain has won the
love and respect of his men by the upright and straightforward course that
he has taken and by the consideration and anxiety that he has shown for
their welfare. Lient. Montague we think cannot be surpassed as a drill
master and the same success that attended him as a disciplinarian in school
has attended him ever since he has been connected with our company. Capt.
Northrop had been detailed for special service by the colonel two or three
times on matters vitally connected with the welfare of the regiment and of
such a character that no one that had not the entire confidence of the
colonel would have been selected.
The latest report in camp is that our brigade is going to fortress
Monroe. I think it is doubtful yet it may be so. If so we are ready to go at
any time and in fact to go anywhere where we can best serve the interests of
The news of the nomination of Hon. L. P. Harvey for Governor gives great
satisfaction to the Wisconsin boys here. To him next to Gov. Randall is due
the credit of what Wisconsin has done toward upholding the Union in this
trying crisis and in his past acts as Secretary of State, we have ample
guarantee that as Governor of Wisconsin he will neither let the good cause
lag at home or be unmindful of the welfare of her soldiers abroad but do all
in his power to bring this terrible war to an end and restore us to our
homes and friends and peace to our land.
L. B. R.
From Capt Malloy
The following extract though not intended for the public we take the
liberty of giving to our readers We shall be glad to hear frequently from
Arlington Heights Virginia, Oct 12, 1861
Friend Kellogg.-We are now on the sacred soil of the "Old dominion "
feasting on contraband beef and eager for the fray. the enemy fall back as
we advance and will probably continue to do so until they are brought up by
a wall of steel in their rear when there will be a collision shaking the
Allegany's to their foundation.
The boys are all improving in health since our arrival in Virginia the
prospect of a battle is of more medicinal virtue than all the drugs in the
surgeon's chest. While in Camp Lyon Maryland we were ordered to cross the
Potomac at the time Gen. Smith's division had a skirmish with the enemy
there was every prospect of a great battle. Our company had then dwindled
down to seventy men for duty about thirty-six being on the sick roll but
only the order "fall in" being given those thirty were filled with new born
health. They immediately seized their muskets determined to conquer or fall
with their comrades. Such is the spirit of the Sauk county Riflemen. I send
you a map of the seat of war. Some alterations were necessary and I have
made them YOU will find I Have drawn a pencil mark from Prospect Hill to
near Mt. Vernoa on which are our pickets the enemy having fallen back to
Vienna which you will see is but a short distance from out lines. You will
also discover the vicinity of our encampments which I have marked with
This moment we have received orders to march immediately to the relief of
Gen. Smith who it is said is in danger. The boys received the order with a
shout of joy. We expect an advance of our army in the direction of Manassas
where we expect to win immortal honor for our selves and County.
A. G. Malloy
P.S. Lieut. Noyes is well light Thomas is under care of the surgeon he had
not been well for some time.
From the Sixth Regiment
Arlington Heights, Va., Oct. 18, 1861
but little of interest has occurred since my last which was from near the
Chain Bridge. On Saturday, Oct 5th we struck our tents about 8 a. m. and at
10 took up our line of march for this place. the day happened to be the
hottest of the season with us at least and our march of eight miles was a
tough one. each man had to carry his knapsack, haversack filled with one
day's rations, canteen filled with water, cartridge box with forty rounds of
ammunition and his gun weighing 12.5 pounds. this may not at first thought
appear to be much of a load but when it comes to having it all strapped on
to our back with the thermometer at 95 degrees in the shade and a thick suit
of woolen clothing on and the roads dusty and a regiment to kick up the dust
it is not so agreeable.
As I have said we started about 10 o'clock and it was 4 p.m. before we
climbed the Heights and passed Arlington house. We encamped abut a mile to
the westward of the House. Our camp ground is in the woods almost completely
shut in and was covered with small log shanties or pens in all stages of
erection from a pen three feet high to a respectable appearing shanty with a
roof on.-The boys however cleared them away pretty thoroughly the first two
days we were here and out comp begins to look quite respectable.
Yesterday, Oct 9th our brigade was reviewed by Gen. McDowell. He
expressed himself much pleased with the regiment especially with the order
in which their arms were kept. He complimented Capt Northrop upon the
appearance of his company in particular.
There are but four regiments in our brigade the 2d, 6th and 7th Wisconsin
and the 19th Indiana. the 7th is encamped next to and adjoining us on the
south the 2d next south of the 7th. I was over into the 7th today. I believe
the boys are all well.
We were glad this afternoon to see two of the Beloit boys who are in the
5th. their regiment has been at Fall's church for some time but moved today
to Prospect Hill, about four miles above the chain Bridge. the boys were out
on picket when the regiment marched and they concluded to come over and take
a look at their old friends before they left. They report all the Beloit
boys in the 5th well.
We do not expect to stay here long, but expect to go farther into "Secessia"
in a few days when I hope to have something to write to you worth writing.
The most of us have become quite contented with camp life. One great
trouble is the want of suitable reading matter. Western papers especially
are eagerly sought after and if one come into camp it goes through the
company The Journal is always especially a welcome guest.
I am satisfied that a large proportion of our letters never reach us at
all. this is all through their being directed improperly. It is of no
consequence to put the camp on the direction for we may be in one camp today
and another tomorrow. Each regiment sends its own messenger to Washington
each day for the mail of the regiment no matter where it is located. For the
benefit of out correspondents and friends I will give the correct method of
direction to all letters for soldiers. For company for instance it would be
Co. G. 6th Reg. Wisconsin Volunteers
Washington, D. C.
Most of our letters have the direction W. V. for Wisconsin Volunteers.
The W. is frequently mistaken for M.- which may mean Maine, Massachusetts,
Michigan or Minnesota volunteers. The best way therefore is to write the
word Wisconsin for legibly so that there may be no mistake about it.
From the Sixth Regiment
Headquarters 6th R. W. V.
Camp at Arlington, Va., Oct. 20, 1861
Editors of Journal:-You have no doubt been made aware of the whereabouts of
the Sixth through other correspondents, more prompt than I have been of
late, but as to the Regiment "individually" owing to my remissness, you have
heard nothing. Where to begin is the query uppermost in my grain now that I
am fairly started at writing to you We have passed through so many changes
that an attempt to report them exactly at this late hour would be futile;
nevertheless, I will try.
First of all and most important to us, we have had a remarkable change in
our field officers.
J. P. Atwood our Lieutenant Colonel was honorably discharged on account of
physical disability and Major Sweet was promoted, and now fills the vacancy
occasioned by said discharge and he does it well, too. Gov. Randal visited
us about that time and somewhat astonished us by appointing Capt, E. S.
Bragg of Company E, (Bragg's Rifles, of Fond du Lac, ) as major. I have
nothing to say against Major Bragg; on the contrary he makes a very good and
efficient officer; but I must say that most of he Regiment was astonished.
The only applicants for the position that I heard of were Capt. Malloy of
Company A who by right of promotion should have received it. Capt. Dill of
Company B, and Capt O'Rourke, of Company D. Capt Malloy withdrew his claims
and we-that is, the greater portion of the Regiment-expected that Capt
O'Rourke would be appointed) Capt. Bragg's name was hardly mentioned;
nevertheless we are satisfied as he fills the office in a manner that does
credit to his military ability and to the Regiment.
Second Sergeant Johnson of Company E, was elected Second Lieutenant, to fill
the vacancy occasioned by the promotion of Capt. Bragg.
The next thing that now occurs to me worth of note was the reorganization or
rather reassembling of our brigade, and the arrival of he Seventh. The
Nineteenth Indiana and Second Wisconsin were ordered back from their
advanced position over the river and in a few days the Seventh arrived. The
Nineteenth Indiana was placed on the left of the brigade, the Second next
the Seventh next, and the Sixth next which gives us the right-the position
of honor you know. After our new neighbors were fairly settled and in fact
only two days subsequent to the arrival of the seventh we received orders to
cross the Potomac which we did via George town and the Aqueduct Bridge and
were located on Arlington Heights a mile or so beyond the Arlington House (quordate
property of Gen. Lee Rebel) where Gen McDowell had his headquarters and in
whose Division we are. Gen. King also has his quarters near that building.
Our camp is on the highest elevation of is known as Arlington Height's and
in piece of heavy timber which also did belong to Gen. Lee the grounds were
partly cleared by the 23d New York which was (encamped) there before us; but
under the influence of Western muscle and experience in the chopping line,
it has been greatly improved. We are in the rear of the great line of forts
on this side of the Potomac, and some seven miles from the rebel outposts,
but only a short distance from the ground occupied by then previous to the
advance of McClellan. So far as health is concerned we could not be better
located. The high position of the camp renders the atmosphere exceedingly
clear and free from malaria, &c. On the whole we are satisfied with our
situation, save that we wish to be neared the rebels.
Since our arrival here we have been reviewed twice by Gen. McDowell the
first time a week ago last Wednesday and the second last Friday. At the last
review Secretary Seward Lord Lyons, the British Minister, and several other
dignitaries were present. Gen McDowell expressed himself highly satisfied
with our appearance whish of course is pleasant to us.
So far as I can learn the rebels have fallen back will leave the country
immediately in front of us clear.
Above and below us however, they have some large bodies; but as McClellan
says they have seen their last glimpse of the Capitol. I do not anticipate
fight in this neighborhood very soon although it is hard to see why we
should not whip them now as well as after awhile, for we are as well
prepared as we ever will be. But he powers that be know what they are about
and are probably only waiting to hear the result of the secret naval
expeditions which have been sent out.
The Fifth is in Hancock's Brigade, somewhere in the vicinity of Lewisville,
and from our occasional reports from there I judge that they are doing well.
By the way you have perhaps seen an account of a splendid coup de matin
of one of the companies of the fifth in the way of capturing what was
supposed to be secesh cows and horses. The account was written in fine style
but was incomplete as it did not state that on investigation it was found
that the cattle were the property of good Union people, and were returned to
them. the boys thought they were doing their duty, however. Dr. Chapman is
now acting Brigade Surgeon and has passed the necessary examination
necessary to filling or that post.
Dr. Preston is officiating in the regiment, Dr. Preston is officiating in
the regiment, Cr. Chapman's many friends in your city will be glad to hear
of his success and as he deserves it and is every way qualified or the
office. We are all of us happy to Congratulate him on his promotion.
Of late I have heard a rumor of a possibility of the promotion of Col.
Of his physical courage I can say nothing as we have as yet been in no
position to try him; but as a disciplinarian, he is without his equal in the
volunteer service. And it is to this qualification that our regiment owes it
prominence amongst the many here. Everything goes like clockwork in camp and
notwithstanding his strict and some things severe system, he is respected by
all under him. Although we would be reluctant to part with him we feel that
he deserves promotion, and for his sake would be glad to have him receive
We have received a visit from W. H J. Watson, Governor Randall's private
secretary. It does one's soul good to see some one from our noble young
State and the only recommendation that need be offered to ensure hospitality
and good treatment at the hands of our men is that the applicant is from
Harrison Reed and family are also here I understand that his business is in
behalf of Q. M. Gen Tredway and that he is to settle with the Quartermasters
of the different regiments. I have also heard that he has received the
appointment of "document clerk" in some of the departments in Washington and
that he intends taking up his residence permanently in that city.
The Madisonions in our regiment enjoyed a great treat last week in the way
of a bottle of most excellent current wine, sent to us by Mrs. Col.
Fairchild of your city. we drank her health with a hearty good will and more
than ever appreciated her as a lady of the first quality. Such little
reinembrances from home cheers more than you at our cozy firesides can
The Board of Examination as to the qualifications of volunteer-officers has
been taking a tare at our regiment. So far all who have been summoned before
them have passed through the try ordeal unscathed and with credit to
I oftentimes hear people wonder at the military poser and ability of
McClellan but to my idea it is not at all strange.- Napoleon was only
twenty-five when he had reached the acme of his glory as a military
chieftain. At that time he had fought victoriously at Millisenno, Lodi
Castiglione and Bassano - had won for himself the name of the greatest
modern warrior. McClellan is some thirty odd years of age. Yet look at the
difference between the impetuous and overwhelming movements of Bonaparte and
the slow out sure strategy of McClellan. the former was a rare avis and the
latter is Scot like. In fact judging from the impetuous concomitant with the
character of a young man and the characteristic caution of old Scott, I
think that his "say" is yet respected and obeyed.
From the Sauk county Rifles
Arlington Heights head 6th Wis. Reg.
October 27th, 1861
Friend Kellogg:-The Sauk Co. Riflemen yet live though they have long been
desirous to take their chances of lift and death in battle.- How soon they
may be permitted to experience a little of what they enlisted for I can not
say, but the understanding now is hat if the weather holds dry the army is
to advance immediately. It is difficult to transport army supplies here in
Virginia during wet weather. Each soldier is furnished with and is obliged
to carry and extra pair of shoes; we have to drill with our knapsacks on our
back now, also which indicates that we are going to have some marching to
Our regiment was hurried out on the parade ground a few minutes ago to
receive some visitors, some officers in the army and some members of
President Lincoln's cabinet were escorted in by Gen. Kings and we won't
through the usual maneuver of presenting arms: while they could down in
front reviewing us hastily we ordered back to quarters, and at the
invitation of Col. Cutler, the visitors dismounted and proceeded with him to
his quarters. Their visit was unexpected and their stay short Gen King
called it a surprise party. You are aware that we in Gen McDowell's
division. We have great confidence in him as a good General.
I have one thing to mention which is far from being pleasant. It is the
departure of our Captain for Baraboo. A disease has been preying upon him or
more than two months and though he has not been able to do duty any of the
time his anxiety to keep the company progressing in military affairs and
maintain their reputation has kept him up and he has worked with and for the
company until he became so low that he could summon his energies no longer.
We have perceived his decline all along but have tried to shut our eyes on
the unpleasant truth and think it would not prove serious. In order to live
it has become necessary for him to and relief soon and though he has only
gone home on a furlough the company miss him much more than they
Lieut. Noyes is our only commander now. Lieut. Thomas having gone home and
we cling to him as children to an only parent. He has ever been watchful of
the interests of the company and energetic in promoting them. If the rights
of company a or its members are infringed upon Lieut. Noyes is informed of
it immediately, and the aggressor, be he captain or colonel is called for an
account for it. But alas! the probabilities are that we shall lose him as he
has already sent in his resignation. the company can hardly reconcile
themselves to this though they may know that the causes justify him in so
doing.-They begin to fear that we are going to lose both Captain and
Lieutenant and the idea is revolting to us. A recognition of the southern
Confederacy of England and France, and threats to raise our blockade would
not affect us as much as to have our officers taken away for if we can
maintain a union among ourselves and go hand in hand with each other we can
keep up spirits let what else transpire that may. We have changed since we
left home-we have changed together-officers too have learned the disposition
of every member of the company and the members have developed the greatest
confidence in their officers. If we lose them our loss will be great. We
trust our Captain will come back to his company. the health of the company I
believe is improving. We are glad to hear of other companies being raised in
Sauk County for the war. come on, you will be needed certainly if the plan
of sending one or two regiments against four or five of the enemy is kept up
and we continue to meet with petty reverses-but do not be discouraged, -we
hope for better times. It is getting late if the season now; the weather is
growing uncomfortable and we are anxious to move towards dixie.-Should you
forget that you have a company of Sauk County Riflemen in the field, we all
believe that we shall remind you of the fact when we get into battle, and we
trust not to our disgrace or yours.
H. J. H.
From Captain Northrop's Company-Sixth Regiment
(Correspondence of the Journal &Courier)
Arlington Heights. Va.,
Oct. 27th, 1861
Contrary to my expectations when I last wrote you, we are still on the
"reserve," daily expecting an order to move forward, and wondering why we
have not done so ere this. In fact, if the truth be told, I have waited
several days longer than I intended to before writing thinking that in
change of position I would find some thing to write more interesting than
any account of th dull routine of camp life. But I presume that many of us
have friends who will be glad to hear of us even though it may not be
interesting to the casual observer.
We had a grand review the 18th before Gen. McDowell and staff and Gen. King
and staff. Secretaries Seward and Welles. Lord Lyons the English Minister,
M. Mercier and M. Lassura the French and Spanish Ministers and several other
foreigners of more of less note were present.
Our regiment was highly complimented.
It may not be amiss to remark hat Capt. Gordon's company was though by one
or two of the field officers of the 6th. to present the beat appearance of
any company in the 7th regiment.
There is a gradual "tightening up" the reins in this brigade and if it goes
on for two months more as it has for two months past we will be regular
soldiers in almost everything except proficiency in drill. I do not mean but
what we are as well drilled as the average of volunteer regiments in the
field. Each man has been ordered to provide himself with an extra pair of
shoes, which adds considerable to the already heavy loads that we have to
carry on our backs. then a few days ago we were ordered to drill two hours a
day with knapsacks on. The boys complain considerably but it is to be hoped
that they will soon become accustomed to it, and find it less of a task than
they now do.
A week ago today (Sunday)_ a comrade and myself went out to fall's Church to
visit some friends in the 24th and 35th New York regiments. We had an
opportunity of seeing for ourselves many things which we never would have
heard of otherwise. Strange as it may seem I believe a person could learn
more concerning the real state of affairs by spending a day along our lines
than could be learned from the newspapers in a month. We visited Upton's
Mason's and Munson's Hills. Upton's hill is the highest of the three and
from an observatory built upon a house upon the top of the hill a large
extent of rebel territory can be seen in a clear day. Fall's church was last
Monday (and I presume still is) the outpost of our regular encampments To be
sure the pickets of Gen. Wadsworth's brigade virtually hold possession of
the county for seven or eight miles farther on nearly to Fairfax court
house; but the camp of the 35th New York at the south end of Fall's church
village is the last regular camp on the road that leads from here (or
Washington) to Fairfax and Manassas. The three hills I hav mentioned and
Fall's Church it will be remembered, were in the possession of the rebels
until the advance of out force on the 26th of September. Their pickets and
ours up to that time joined near Ball's cross roads, about two miles this
side of Upton's hill. for a long time "Ball's cross roads" and "Munson's
Hill" were the main points of the interest. On our way out last Sunday we
passed the former plane without knowing it, but being prepared in coming
back we took a look at the noted locality. It consists of one very old
tavern, half log and half frame now entirely deserted, excepting what was
formerly the gar-room, i which a miserable article of "forty rod" whisky is
dispensed to thirsty soldiers who are smart enough to steal away from camps
in the vicinity and get there. there are two or three other old buildings
there but unoccupied save as stables for officers horses. About fifty rods
south of the road stands the chimney of what was apparently a fine building
burned down by the rebels a few weeks ago.
Upton's Hill is a mile east of fall's Church, and two miles west of Ball's
cross roads. The county between these two places is almost entirely covered
with cavalry encampments. We noticed but one camp of infantry between the
two places -the 14th New York or Brooklyn Fire Zouaves, as they are called.
The majority of these cavalry regiments are poorly drilled and lately
arrived. Upon Upton's Hill gen. Keyes' brigade is stationed consisting of
three New York regiments and a cavalry regiment, or battalion, more
properly. These New York regiments are not like ours-containing a thousand
men. Most of them will not average over seven hundred men, rank and file. O
should have said that this brigade is a little east of the crest of the hill
proper but still upon the rise of ground known as Upton's Hill farther on,
and near Upton's house is fort Lafayette-two regiments of artillery and all
of Gen. Wadsworth's brigade excepting the 35th New York, which as I have
said is at Fall's Church, a mile east.
Munson's Hill is about a mile south of Upton's. It presents as uninteresting
and uninviting an appearance as any hill with the timber cleared from it.
Mason's Hill is probably a quarter of a mile from Munson's and between it
and fall's Church. The "rebel fortifications" that I saw mostly consist of a
ditch or rifle pit, which would screen a man from observation if he "laid
I found upon talking with the soldiers of these brigades that a large
proportion of the adventures that the papers have given credit for are the
products of the fertile brain of some newspaper reporter. Many of them said
that they had never to their knowledge seen a live rebel although they have
been on the advance ever since the first of august. But some of them have
been in sharp and severe skirmishes. I presume you have heard many and
different accounts of the late battle of Gall's Bluff on the Upper Potomac.
We too have heard several accounts of the affair, but I presume we can get
at nearer the truth than you do for the reason that the information we
receive passes through fewer hands than your does the officaL account of the
matter had not been published but the truth seems to be that Gen. Stone
designed to occupy Leesburg and ordered a simultaneous advance from Edward's
Ferry and Conrad's Ferry two points about five miles distant.
The troops crossed the river in a couple of old boats, miserable,
unmanageable things, which could not carry over a company in less than an
hour. the force of the enemy was underrated and a fight ensued. Our forces
fought bravely for three hours, and were compelled to fall back to the
river. they were hotly pursued by the enemy, and many of them taken
prisoners. Col. Baker only had about 1,800 men. He crossed at Conrad's
Ferry, and formed in line of battle about one hundred yards from the shore.
He drove the enemy back to within two miles of Leesburg, when the enemy
suddenly opened fire from concealed rifle pits, underbrush and acorn field.
Enough troops were waiting on the Maryland side of the river to have driven
the rebels back beyond Leesburg, but being without means of transportation
they could not cross. After our troops were driven back to the river and Col
Baker had been killed the rebels took possession of the heights on the
Virginia side, and concealed among the underbrush picked off our men as they
were attempting to cross the river in the unmanageable boats or were
attempting to swim it. Many were drowned in the swift and turbulent
waters of the Potomac. the 15th Massachusetts suffered the most. Our loss in
killed wounded and missing according to the best information that we can
give upon the subject is not far from 600. Brig. Gen. Evans, the rebel
general commanding in his report published in the Richmond papers of
Thursday last gives their loss as 300 killed and wounded: but as he likewise
states that he took 600 prisoners and 1200 stand of arms, and that our
killed and wounded amounted to between 1000 and 1200, his statement must be
taken with several grains of allowance. Upon the whole, it is not another
bull Run failure, for our troops occupy the same position that thy did
before the battle. It is not a success, for the loss of the gallant Baker
and the thinned ranks of the 15th Massachusetts and the California regiment
bear witness to the contrary. Our men were too brave, but not prudent
enough. The report is believed by some that Col. Baker exceeded his
instructions, but it is not justified by facts that have come to light since
the battle. Many of the readers of the Journal will remember a young man
named Derby several years since a clerk for Clinton Babbitt at the present
stand of Johnson Bro's. He was a Lieutenant in the 15th Massachusetts, but I
have not heard as the story of the fight. I presume, however, that he is
safe, for his name is not among the killed and wounded as most of the
commissioned officers of the regiment
Our boys are nearly all in good health and spirits I am sorry to say that
none of the officers are in their usual health. Capt. Northrop and
Lieut. Montague have neither of them been able to do duty for several days
past, and Lieut. Allen having had double duty to perform is pretty well worn
out. He had not fully recovered his health when we came over from the chain
Bridge and the march here tired him severely and probably had the Captain
and Lieut. Montague been able to attend to the company he would have been
The "Potomac fogs" seemed to be particularly bad for a person predisposed
to rheumatism or lung complaints. There is a real substance to the fog here.
ether's none of your light this, airy concerns that melts away before the
rising sun like a white frost in a hot stove but a genuine dampness. I have
taken a rubber blanket up in the morning from the bottom of the tent, where
the evergreen covered the ground to the depth of two inches and seen the
water run from it in large drops. Sometimes the ground will "smoke" until
ten o'clock and that too in a clear sunshiny day.
Every day we are forcibly reminded that winter is coming upon us. Today
had been quite cold and last night we had a severe frost. The Washington
National Republican of this morning contains the official account of the
wounded in the battle of Gall's Bluff. it was made up to Friday night last,
and fonts up to the number of 155 One hundred and twenty four of the wounded
were brought down on canal boats to Georgetown Saturday night The Republican
of this morning also contains a long account of the Great Expedition that
has sailed or is about to sail from Fortress Monroe. the details in regard
to the fitting out of this expedition. have been conducted with great
secrecy and many statements have been made in Union papers in regard to it
purposely to mislead the rebels. The Republican has already set five or six
days upon which the expedition was to have sailed. It states too that the
7th and 8th Wisconsin Regiments are to forma part of the expedition. If we
are to judge the truth of what it publishes in regard to the rest of
expedition by the truth of that report-we cannot believe much of it. The
expedition is said to consist of the steamers carrying respectively 58, 57
and 54 guns.
One frigate carrying 50 guns-five sloops carrying 24, 24, 22, 20 and16
guns twenty-six gun boats each carrying a 11inch Dahlgren forward one rifled
gun, and from two to four 24 pounders. Eleven ferry boats with six guns
each, 30 transports averaging probably 1700 tons each and six sailing
vessels of from 3356 tons burthen to 1000. We may safely expect great
results from the fleet and three weeks is not too far agreed to hear of its
success upon the rebel coast somewhere the newspapers are required to be
even more guarded in regard to what they publish than they were a few weeks
ago. Recent developments have brought the fact to light that the rebels have
for weeks past received copies of the Washington daily papers within
twenty-four hours after their publication . they have had our countersign
every night for over a month. they mast have obtained it through the
treachery of commissioned officers for privates do not have the countersign
excepting when on guard and is most regiments a private does not come on
guard over once in ten days or two weeks.
That they are informed of all out important movements, is no longer an
unsettled question. They were informed of our advance of the 28th in time to
leave Munson's Hill before we could reach there. It does seem strange that
our commanders cannot learn a lesson from the "south, in regard to
tolerating enemies in their midst. Their motto is "He that is not for us, is
The report has just came into camp that the 6th and 7th Wisconsin Regiments,
are to be sent to Pensacola Bay, in two or three weeks. This may account for
the statement in the Republican referred to above, or it may be only a
report growing out of that statement. In the same connection we hear also
that the 2d Wisconsin is going to winter in the Navy Yard. By the way the 2d
has improved more in appearance during the last month than any regiment in
this vicinity Col. O'Connor, Col. Meredith of the 19th Indiana, with Gen.
King and Staff, and Hon. Caleb B. Smith Secretary of the interior, with Gov.
Morton of Indiana were present at a review of our regiment yesterday
But this letter has already strung itself out to an interminable and I fear
an unreadable length, and I will close.
T. R. R.
The Wisconsin Regiments on the
Dr. Chapman, whose return we mentioned yesterday, reports a very favorable
sanitary condition in the Wisconsin Regiments
now stationed near Washington.-
Of Col. Cutler, of the Sixth to which he was originally attached as Surgeon
he speaks in high terms of praise. His promptness,
efficiency and assiduous care of his Regiment have rendered him very
popular. Frank Haskell, Adjutant of the same Regiment he pronounces one of
the very best officer in the service just as we expected. Lient. col.
Fairchild, who is the acting Colonel of the Second, has been specially
fortunate in securing the confidence and good will of his men.
He has the rare faculty of securing through the affection of the soldiers
under him the order and discipline which many can only enforce by severity.
Dr. Chapman saw Capt. Randolph a short time before he left Washington, and
reports him convalescent.
Lieutenant Wm. H. Allen
Last week we published a letter from our correspondent in the sixth
Regiment, which served the double purpose of answering many inquiries in
regard to the resignations of Capt. Northrop and Lieut. Montague, and of
showing the manifestations of
respect for them by their own company and the officers of the regiment. We
this week, for similar reasons, cheerfully extend the same courtesy to
Lieut. Allen whose documents were not received in time for publication with
those of the others.
These gentlemen are well known as among our best citizens and all believe
that they would not hove resigned their commissions without good reasons.
Their high standing and honorable character render the publication of these
documents unnecessary; but the curious public will ask questions, and the
easiest way of answering them is through our columns.
It will be remembered by our readers that Lieut. Allen was sick with the
measles when the company left Madison for the seat of war; but be thought it
was his duty to go, sick as he was and run the risk of suffering from
exposure in camp. He did suffer
all the while, but make that no excuse for neglecting the duties of his
office, as will be seen by the letter of /Colonel Cutler.
But he had to give up at last a severe fever threatening. sickness and that
only, was the reason he tendered his resignation, and as soon as his health
is restored he is resolved to enter the service again.
The following is his certificate
of honorable demission:
Head Quarters King's Brigade,
Arlington Heights, Va., Oct. 20, 1861
Special order No. 130
Wm. H. Allen, 2d Lieutenant of Co. G. 6th, Wisconsin volunteers, having
tendered his resignation is honorable discharged
from the military service of the United State.
By command of Major General McClellan
(signed) S. Williams
Assistant Adjutant General
I certify that the above is a true copy, and that I have this day paid
Lieut. Allen $212.50 in full from Sept. 1, 1861, to
Oct. 31, 1861, both days inclusive.
WM. B. Rochester,
Paymaster U.S. Army.